In accounting, the math usually isn’t worse than multiplication. But accounting isn’t about mathematics — it’s about ideas and some acquired me confused. Accounting has simple and elegant ways to track a business surprisingly. So, What’s Accounting About, Anyway? To become blunt, accounting is about monitoring stuff (yes, there’s more to it but suspend beside me).
What kind of stuff can we track? Simple enough. Now how are these related? In layman’s terms, everything the ongoing company has been one of the owners or someone else. This formula (also called ALOE) might seem strange at first. Why do we add liabilities? Because we’re looking from the idea of the view of the company, not the shareholders.
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If the company has something, it could be owed to another person. This equation appears more natural, but often we aren’t thinking about the owner’s perspective. We want to know about the business. What’s an equilibrium sheet? An equilibrium sheet is a document that tracks a company’s possessions, liabilities, and owner’s equity at a specific point in time. You may already know, if the company has something, it belongs to someone.
= $ =p>The relative edges. So let’s do an example. 100 worth of stock (how ownership is represented in an organization). 100 is one of the owners. Sorry guys — you can’t remove financing and make your talk about of the company more valuable. Investing in a building doesn’t make our company more valuable: we re-arranged our assets. But the primary idea is the same: show what the company’s worthy of, and who possesses what.
There’s many, many reasons why resources may be over or under-valued on the written books. How will you measure momentum? Accountants try to quantify items like this with intangible terms like “Goodwill”, but it isn’t easy. In reality, most companies are well worth many times their reported assets; Google’s market cap is over 10x the publication value (but read more about stocks to understand why the market cover is nearly right). Wow, — Google doesn’t have many liabilities!
18B) and there is no long-term personal debt. What it does owe “accounts payable” — the equivalent of a credit-card expenses (usually paid within a brief time frame). Now you can examine a company and find out what it’s worth (on paper) and where the value is situated. Google has no “inventory” (ever bought an off-the-shelf product from them?) but has a lot of cash, investments, and equipment. There’s hardly any debts and other liabilities, so that it seems like a very steady company in some recoverable format; they don’t be going bankrupt anytime soon (there’s other documents that show how profitable the company is). Blockbuster, for example, has 2.5B in resources but 1.9B is owed to others (preserved balance sheet here).
Shareholders aren’t left with much. In fact, they have 700M in “intangible assets”, so that it has a negative amount of real actually, tangible assets. Today Wii sign — if you liquidated the business, it couldn’t pay back its personal debt. Accounting has many rules but a basic you are this: use double-entry bookkeeping. Every change to the property will need to have a related change to carefully keep the formula in balance.